Northchurch Roman Villa
The Dacorum Heritage Trust Ltd
Northchurch Roman Villa was rediscovered by the Berkhamsted and District Archaeological Society and excavated in advance of housing development during a four-week period over Easter 1973.
Occupation on the site began around 60 AD, probably with a timber building.
By the early second century a simple villa of four rooms with a fronting corridor and a ‘wing’ room had been built.
A larger building of eight rooms with two ‘wing’ rooms at either end of the corridor was built. About 170 AD this building was abandoned for 40 to 50 years, probably due to the effects of flooding in the area (which is still considerably water-logged).
Rebuilding sees to have taken place after 339 AD (both the Boxmoor and Gadebridge Park villas had been rebuilt in the early fourth century). A small bath suite was added to the west side; two of the rooms had mosaics and some walls were decorated with painted wall plaster.
After the mid-fourth century the villa ceased to be maintained and associated remains were found which appear to indicate an economy based on mixed farming.